In this post, we’ll discuss:
Let’s dig deeper into the details.
Access to Strong Community Support
Since frameworks have pre-defined functions, you can reuse the same functionality to develop your applications without having to write code from scratch.
Ease of Use
Before selecting any framework, make sure that:
- The framework has strong documentation, as well as plenty of tutorials and guides for beginners.
- The framework has been around for a while.
- The framework has been adopted by a lot of developers.
Initially, React was used on Facebook but would later be used for the Instagram news feed. React was the pioneer of the idea of components. Components are self-contained modules of code that are packaged for reuse. Developers can write the component code once and then reuse it across the application thus saving time.
- Declarative: React allows you to control flow and state in your application by deciding how your component should look like. Declarative views make it easier to read and debug code.
- Virtual DOM: A Document Object Model (DOM) presents data in a tree structure by dividing data into modules containing a node for each independent UI element present in the document. For every DOM object in React, there is a corresponding virtual DOM object — a virtual copy of the original DOM. This ensures that when you reload a page, it only refreshes one part of the page rather than the entire page.
- React Native: React Native is a custom renderer for React; it uses native components instead of web components like React as building blocks.
- Component-Based: Reacts divides your web page into small components. Components in ReactJS have their own logic and design, making them more accessible and faster to reuse.
JSX is a double-edged sword
Easy to understand and use
React’s fast development pace makes it hard to keep up with new features
Wide range of UI components available in NPM
Only covers the UI layer so you have to combine it with another technology
Complex state management for large applications
Scope for testing code using native tools
Vue’s plugin system makes it easier to add features and enhancements to parts of your project. Some of the incremental features included in the framework are the CLI, a build toolchain, a routing solution, and a state management solution. This approach makes it easy to use since you don’t need to understand all its features and capabilities. Developers can therefore code faster and add new features incrementally when the need arises.
Vue is actively maintained by its founder Evan You and along with various core team members. So far Vue has been downloaded more than 3,000,000 times according to NPM making it one of the more popular frameworks on this list. Vue is in use by several well-known companies like Expedia, Nintendo, IBM, GitLab, and Sainsbury’s.
- Virtual DOM: Vue uses the virtual DOM model, a clone of the real DOM element. This allows for fast updates without needing to reload the page.
- Standardized Tools: Vue provides official support for several official add-ons for client-side routing, state management, unit testing components, a browser extension for debugging, etc. None of these tools are required and the view can work with alternative libraries such as Redux instead of Vuex.
- Reactivity: Reactivity is a programming paradigm that allows us to adjust to changes in a declarative manner. Vue’s reactivity features allow web pages to automatically update their views to reflect new data as it’s introduced.
- Scalable and Flexible: You can use Vue in limited amounts compared to other frameworks that require full adoption. In practice, this means that Vue can be used as a fully-fledged framework for building large applications or as just a library for building small interactive parts to be integrated with a different project.
- Ease of Use: Vue JS is simpler in terms of API and design. It has awesome documentation that is very well written and explains a lot of the Vue concepts in detail. Overall, Vue JS is an excellent framework for beginners because it’s quick and easy to get up and running, has excellent documentation, and the learning curve isn’t as steep as the alternatives.
- Animated Transitions: Vue has several methods of applying transition effects to HTML elements when adding, updating, or removing them from the DOM. You can also integrate third-party animation libraries for even more interactivity.
Comparatively fewer components
Gentle learning curve
Lack of support for large-scale projects
Reactive two-way binding
Express makes the Node.js code easier and provides a wide range of features capable of driving asynchronous I/O for faster loading as well as Java-like properties such as threading, packaging, and forming loops. Until now, Express is the most popular Node.js framework. Express is highly performant, fast, lightweight, and un-opinionated (no structured way of writing code which makes it easy to customize and use as per your needs).
Express is used by companies like IBM, eBay, Uber, PayPal, Netflix, and LinkedIn.
- Middleware: Express features a request handler that has access to the application’s request-response cycle.
- Asynchronous and Event-Driven I/O: Express processes events in an asynchronous manner, this means Express does not wait for the Node.js API to return the data.
- Single-threaded: Express follows a single-threaded model.
- Templating: Express provides a templating engine for creating HTML templates on the server using less code.
- Highly scalable: Express follows an event mechanism that makes it possible for the server to respond in a non-blocking manner, which makes it scalable.
- Debugging: Express makes it easier to debug as it identifies exactly where the bugs are.
- No buffering: When it comes to uploading audio and video files, Express cuts down processing time significantly.
No structural way to organize code
Easy to learn
Heavy reliance on callbacks (which has many issues)
Angular offers developers a collection of integrated libraries and tools to develop, test, update, and maintain their code. By combining solid end-to-end tooling, declarative templates, dependency injection, and a set of best practices to solve common development challenges, developers can get a robust solution for developing and deploying enterprise-grade applications with complex functionalities.
One of the major benefits of Angular is that it is heavily reliant on the browser to build the page, shifting the load from the application’s server which leads to faster load times. It also supports if conditions, loops, and local variables inside its templates to control how the web page’s content renders.
- Document Object Model (DOM): The DOM treats an HTML document as a tree structure in which each node is an object representing a part of the document. Angular uses a regular DOM that updates the entire tree structure of HTML tags until it gets to the data to be updated.
- Two-Way Data Binding: Angular’s two-way binding is a process that allows you to manipulate web page elements using the web browser. It employs dynamic HTML and is used in web pages containing interactive components such as forms, calculators, tutorials, etc. Any changes in the UI elements are reflected in the corresponding model state and conversely, any changes in the model state are reflected in the UI state.
- Dependency Injection: This programming paradigm allows you to write modular services (classes, components, and modules) and have them injected wherever they’re needed. This greatly improves the testability and re-usability of the same.
- Testing: Angular is built from the ground up with testability in mind. Angular uses the Jasmine framework to write different kinds of test cases and Karma to run the tests.
- MVC Architecture: Angular is a fully-fledged MVC framework. This type of architecture separates the application logic from the UI layer, thus providing separation of concerns.
Steep learning curve
Reactive two-way data binding
Limited SEO options
Verbose and complex
Difficult to port legacy apps to Angular-style architecture
- No Virtual DOM: Svelte works directly on the code without a DOM. Svelte moves most of the code processing to the compilation stage, resulting in faster speeds compared to other frameworks.
- Requires Less Code: Svelte requires the least lines of code compared to other frameworks on this list. This reduces the amount of time that developers spend in writing code.
- Modular CSS: Svelte enforces design consistency across all web pages by generating unique class names and scoping styles.
- Data Binding: Svelte gives you data-binding without the performance overhead of computing a virtual DOM.
Less steep learning curve
No cross-platform support
Lightweight and fast
Not many dev tools
Compilation without virtual DOM
Small open source community
Improved code readability and re-usability
More challenging to build a complex web app